The saxophone, a member of the woodwind family, produces sound through a combination of reed vibration and acoustic resonance. Here's a breakdown of the physics involved:
1. The Reed:
- The sound starts with the reed, a thin piece of cane attached to the mouthpiece.
- When the player blows air through the mouthpiece, the air pressure causes the reed to vibrate rapidly.
- The vibrating reed creates pulses of air pressure that travel into the body of the instrument.